The cabbage plant (Brassica Oleracea) is a storehouse of vitamins and minerals. Cabbage is the oldest member of the Brassiacaceae family. This vegetable first appeared as a wild leafy plant over 4,000 years ago in Europe throughout the Mediterranean region. Cabbage quickly became a highly favored food because of its high nutrition content. As a result, this vegetable was selectively refined and propagated to the point where its leaves grew in large clusters and over time became the cabbage heads of today.

The cabbage plant has become highly adaptable to different climate zones, which accounts for the various shapes, leaf textures and colors found within the cabbage family. In terms of leaf types, the crinkled-leaf, loose-head savoys and the smooth leaf firm head cabbages make up the two main categories of cabbage plants.